Artificial intelligence: what is it, how does it work and what is it used for?

The concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI) leads one to think of those apocalyptic movies where robots end up dominating the world. And of course, in the end, the conclusion is that when we let machines think for us, chaos will rule the earth. But let’s leave the movies to one side, and get down to what’s really important; Artificial Intelligence is here to stay, and above all to help us.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

We can define it as the capabilities that computers created by us come to have in order to perform tasks similar to human intelligence. So, we are talking about being able to memorize, perform calculations, understand meanings, etc. It involves being able to mimic the cognitive activity that humans have, and to be able to make decisions accordingly.

In truth, what makes them intelligent objects is directly related to the application of technologies such as Deep Learning and Machine Learning, turning what had been until now on its head.


  1. Weak Artificial Intelligence

This system is designed and programmed to perform a single job, or a set of tasks that are directly related to each other. Examples of this can be found in our daily lives:

  • Voice assistants that are able to answer a question.
  • Facial recognition.
  • Weather
  • Data analysis

Deep Learning and Machine Learning

The weak Artificial Intelligence engine is due to these two fundamental aspects, known as Deep learning and Machine Learning. The levels of each type are, in this order:

  • Most generic level: Artificial Intelligence.
  • Intermediate level: Machine Learning. This is automated learning
  • Deep level: Deep Learning. This is deep learning of a topic.
  1. Strong Artificial Intelligence: AGI

This would be the type of Artificial Intelligence most like the one we see in the movies, as we mentioned at the beginning. As such, it is a matter of emulating how humans behave, and acting with a strategy designed to achieve a purpose. In addition, this type of AI includes the ability to perform complex tasks.

Strong Artificial Intelligence seeks to ensure that humans do not have to partake in the activity or make decisions. A clear example of this is self-driving cars, or robotics applied to medicine. Today, it is still in development and it is a complement to human activity, never a replacement.

  1. Artificial Super Intelligence: ASI

In fact, this is the assumed end goal, and it would come about in the very long term with the development of 100% autonomous and conscious machines. This is a bit scary, because the idea is that these behaviors not only replicate human beings, but in all aspects surpass them. So watch out for Hollywood movies, let’s see if in the end they are not wrong and we do end up being relegated to the background… Bets are welcome.

In conclusion, Artificial Intelligence seeks to make machines capable of making their own decisions based on behavioral patterns and continuous learning. It is here to help us in our society, and that it only seeks to provide solutions. But let’s keep a cool head and always try to be the ones, as they say, calling the shots (for what it’s worth).

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